Pain located to the inferior, lower aspect, of the knee cap may be due to a dysfunction of the tendon that runs from the lower aspect of the patella (knee cap) to the upper aspect of the shin bone, the tibial tuberosity.
So as to avoid any confusion at this point medics will refer to this as either the patellar tendon or alternatively the patella ligament, but they are one and the same. This tendon is subjected to great forces at times especially when repetitive jumping, running or kicking is involved and if the tendon becomes damaged or inflamed the condition will be referred to as patellar tendonopathy or tendinitis respectively.
As the name describes this problem is commonly experienced by repetitive activities that involve jumping or running. However, anybody can suffer from this condition even if they are not very active although the most common causes are:
- Sudden changes in your training regime particularly an increase in an aspect of your training.
- Repetitive loading of the quadriceps muscle and consequently the patella tendon.
- Poor quality or inappropriate foot wear.
- Pain and tenderness will be experienced just below the knee cap
- Activity will aggravate the area of pain
- The area may be swollen and tender to touch